Junction area dependent performance of graphene/silicon based self-powered Schottky photodiodes
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his work reports the impact of junction area on the device performance parameters of Graphene/n-Silicon (Gr/n-Si) based Schottky photodiodes. Herein, three batches of Gr/n-Si photodiode samples were produced based on various sized CVD grown monolayer graphene layers transferred on individual n-Si substrates. The fabricated devices exhibited strong Schottky diode character and had high spectral sensitivity at 905 nm peak wavelength. The optoelectronic measurements showed that the spectral response of Gr/n-Si Schottky photodiodes has a linear dependence on the active junction area. The sample with 20 mm2 junction area reached a spectral response of 0.76 AW−1, which is the highest value reported in the literature for self-powered Gr/n-Si Schottky photodiodes without the modification of graphene electrode. In contrast to their spectral responsivities, the response speed of the samples were found to be lowered as a function of the junction area. The experimental results demonstrated that the device performance of Gr/n-Si Schottky photodiodes can be modified simply by changing the size of the graphene electrode on n-Si without need of external doping of graphene layer or engineering Gr/n-Si interface. This study may serve towards the standardization of junction area for the development of high performance Gr/Si based optoelectronic devices such as solar cells and photodetectors operating in between the ultraviolet and near-infrared spectral region.
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