Sustainable collection center location selection in emerging economy for electronic waste with fuzzy Best-Worst and fuzzy TOPSIS
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In emerging economies, electronic waste is an important problem, because it negatively affects the health of staff and people, and causes pollution. Moreover, the location of the collection center has a crucial role in sustainable supply chains. Therefore, in this study, a framework was proposed to identify the location of sustainable collection centers for e-waste. The criteria set includes 3 main criteria, and 23 sub-criteria, and 7 different location options. The main criteria cover economic, social, and environmental criteria, which are organized as the Triple-Bottom-Line dimensions. Alternatives are Manisa, Menemen, Gaziemir, Kemalpaşa, Torbalı, Çiğli, and Akhisar. Fuzzy Best-Worst Method (BWM) and Fuzzy TOPSIS methods are used to calculate the weights of criteria and rankings of the alternatives, respectively. Transportation cost was found as the most important criterion for sustainable collection center selection, followed by collection cost, storage/holding cost, land cost, greenhouse gas emissions, energy cost, tax, and investment cost, respectively. Among other alternatives, Çiğli was found as the best alternative for sustainable collection center, followed by Gaziemir, and Manisa. Managerial implications were presented based on the findings.
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